Dental Library
Stages of Periodontal DiseaseEnfermedad periodontal: Etapas

Stages of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and tissues supporting the teeth. If not treated, it often gets worse. Bone damage and tooth loss can occur. Regular self-care and dental visits can help prevent or control periodontal disease.

Gingivitis

This is the mildest form of periodontal disease. The gum becomes irritated and swollen (inflamed). The space between the gum and tooth gets deeper, forming a pocket. Gums may become red and may bleed. Or, there may be no symptoms. Left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis.

Periodontitis

Infection and inflammation spread to the bone supporting the teeth. Gums may recede (shrink back) from the teeth. Pockets between the teeth can get deeper and harder to clean. Redness, swelling, and bleeding may develop or get worse. Infection begins to destroy the bone. As bone is destroyed, teeth may start to feel loose.

Advanced Periodontitis

As periodontitis advances, pockets deepen even more and can fill with pus. Around the roots of the teeth, the gums may start to swell. Bone loss continues. The teeth may feel sensitive to heat or cold and may hurt when brushed. Teeth loosen more. In some cases, teeth may need to be removed to keep the disease from spreading.

Publication Source: Merck & Co., Inc.

Publication Source: U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, MD

Online Source: Merck & Co., Inc.

Online Source: U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Bethesda, MD

Date Last Reviewed: 2005-06-05T00:00:00-06:00

Date Last Modified: 2005-06-05T00:00:00-06:00

Bernard L. Hoffman, III, DDS

Bernard L. Hoffman, III, DDS

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My father was a dentist and I enjoyed the lifestyle that dentistry provided me as a child. I enjoy the fact that dentistry is such a challenge...

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Ana Paula Hoffman, DDS, MSc, PhD

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I always liked the medical field, but I didn't want to be a physician. Dentistry was the right profession, where I could help patients, providing them...

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